Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dialysis dose, patient characteristics, and medical comorbidities on mortality in chronic peritoneal dialysis patients.
Methods: This work comprised a study cohort of 1446 patients obtained from a random sample of chronic peritoneal dialysis patients from each dialysis center in three southeastern states. Data collected on a standardized form were used to calculate weekly Kt/V urea and creatinine clearance. Data were linked to Network files containing data on patient demographic and medical comorbidities.
Results: Both weekly Kt/V urea and creatinine clearance were measured at least once in only 60.5% of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients and 63.7% of cycler patients. Among the 873 patients who had at least one calculable adequacy measure, the mean (+/-SD) weekly Kt/V urea was 2.13 +/- 0.55, and the normalized mean weekly creatinine clearance was 62.9 +/- 20.4 L/week/m2. During the seven month period of follow-up, there were 140 deaths. In separate logistic regression models that included all of the studied risk factors, using separate variables for the urinary and peritoneal components of dialysis adequacy, each 10 L/week/1.73 m2 increase in the urinary component of weekly creatinine clearance was associated with a 40% decreased risk of death, and each 0.1 unit increase in the urinary component of weekly Kt/V urea was associated with a 12% decreased risk of death. In contrast, the dialysate components of neither weekly creatinine clearance nor weekly Kt/V urea were predictive of death. Other factors that were associated with an increased risk of death included increasing age, diabetes mellitus as the cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and a history of myocardial infarction.
Conclusions: Residual renal function, as expressed by weekly creatinine clearance or Kt/V urea, is an important predictor of death in chronic peritoneal dialysis patients. The nonsignificant findings regarding peritoneal clearances and mortality may possibly be secondary to the narrow range of peritoneal clearances in this study cohort.