Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of biphasic computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the detection of pancreatic islet cell tumors.
Materials and methods: Retrospective quantitative, qualitative, and receiver operating characteristic analyses of biphasic CT and MR imaging were performed in 19 patients with 26 histopathologically proved islet cell tumors. Delayed arterial dominant-phase (AP) and portal venous-phase (PVP) biphasic CT was performed after the administration of contrast material. MR imaging included T1-weighted spin-echo (SE) and T2-weighted SE or fast SE imaging, fat-saturated T1-weighted SE imaging, dynamic contrast material-enhanced T1-weighted gradient-echo imaging, and delayed enhanced T1-weighted SE imaging with or without fat saturation.
Results: PVP CT and delayed enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging had the highest A(z) values (0.98 and 0.97, respectively; P <.05). Delayed enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging had the highest relative sensitivity (14-15 [74%-79%] of 19 lesions), followed by PVP CT (18-19 [69%-73%] of 26 lesions), AP CT (17-19 [65%-73%] of 26 lesions), fat-saturated T1-weighted MR imaging (eight to 10 [57%-71%] of 14 lesions), T2-weighted (16-17 [62%-65%] of 26 lesions), T1-weighted (15-18 [58%-69%] of 26 lesions) MR imaging, and dynamic MR imaging (nine [56%] of 16 lesions).
Conclusion: Biphasic (especially PVP) CT and MR imaging have similar effectiveness in the detection of islet cell tumors if fat-saturated T1-weighted and delayed enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging are included.