Effects of hexanal, trans-2-hexenal, and storage temperature on shelf life of fresh sliced apples

J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Jun;48(6):2401-8. doi: 10.1021/jf991223f.


In this paper, the effects of hexanal and trans-2-hexenal, which are both natural molecules characterizing apple aroma, on the microbial population and on color retention of fresh sliced apples were evaluated. In particular, a central composite design (CCD) was developed to assess the individual and interactive effects of the chosen volatile molecules and storage temperatures on (i) the growth of the naturally occurring microflora, (ii) the evolution over time of an inoculated spoilage yeast (Pichia subpelliculosa), and (iii) the enzymatic browning reaction in minimally processed apples. The inclusion of hexanal and trans-2-hexenal in the storage atmosphere of apple slices determined a significant extension of shelf life also when P. subpelliculosa was inoculated at levels of 10(3) colony-forming units/g and abusive storage temperatures were used. In fact, the presence of these molecules in the packaging atmospheres considerably prolonged the lag phases of the inoculated yeast and reduced the growth potential of naturally occurring bacteria. Moreover, the addition to the modified atmosphere of low levels of the hexanal increased the color stability of the products up to 16 days.

MeSH terms

  • Aldehydes / pharmacology*
  • Food Handling
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Fruit / microbiology*
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Odorants / analysis*
  • Pichia / drug effects*
  • Temperature


  • Aldehydes
  • 2-hexenal
  • n-hexanal