Protein-protein interactions between cytochrome P450 (P450) and other drug-metabolizing enzymes were studied by affinity chromatography using CYP1A1-, glycine-, and bovine serum albumin (BSA)-conjugated Sepharose 4B columns. Sodium cholate-solubilized microsomes from phenobarbital-treated rat liver were applied to the columns and the material eluted with buffer containing NaCl was analyzed by immunoblotting. Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), as well as NADPH-P450 reductase, were efficiently trapped by the CYP1A1 column. Glycine and BSA columns exhibited no ability to retain these proteins. Protein disulfide isomerase and calnexin, non-drug-metabolizing enzymes expressed in the endoplasmic reticulum, were unable to associate with the CYP1A1 column. These results suggest that CYP1A1 interacts with mEH and UGT to facilitate a series of multistep drug metabolic conversions.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.