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Review
, 55 (6), 637-46

Defense Mechanisms in Psychology Today. Further Processes for Adaptation

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Review

Defense Mechanisms in Psychology Today. Further Processes for Adaptation

P Cramer. Am Psychol.

Abstract

Although the concept of the defense mechanism was rejected from academic psychology for a number of years, recent empirical studies show renewed interest in defenses. Cognitive psychologists have confirmed the existence of unconscious psychological processes, a requisite for defenses. Developmental, personality, and social psychologists have all found evidence for defense mechanisms that explicate psychological functioning. The relevance of this new information for clinical practice is discussed.

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