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, 46 (7), 913-20

Manifold-assisted Reverse transcription-PCR With Real-Time Detection for Measurement of the BCR-ABL Fusion Transcript in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients

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  • PMID: 10894833

Manifold-assisted Reverse transcription-PCR With Real-Time Detection for Measurement of the BCR-ABL Fusion Transcript in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients

G Barbany et al. Clin Chem.

Abstract

Background: BCR-ABL fusion mRNA expression in bone marrow or peripheral blood can be used as a measure of minimal residual disease in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).

Methods: We used an oligo(dT)-coated manifold support to capture the mRNA directly from the cell lysate. After reverse transcription, the cDNA was eluted from the manifold support, and BCR-ABL and GAPDH mRNAs were quantified in real time using the TaqMan fluorogenic detection system.

Results: The detection limit of the method was one positive K562 cell among 10(5) negative cells. GAPDH was chosen as a reference gene based on the low variation between samples from different stages of the disease and the low signal in the absence of reverse transcription. The day-to-day variation of the method (CV) was 32%. In 43 blood samples from 13 CML patients, mRNA quantification agreed well with cytogenetic data.

Conclusions: The proposed procedure constitutes a reproducible and sensitive BCR-ABL mRNA quantification method and is suitable to monitor minimal residual disease in CML patients.

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