HIV-infected parents and their children in the United States

Am J Public Health. 2000 Jul;90(7):1074-81. doi: 10.2105/ajph.90.7.1074.


Objectives: This study sought to determine the number, characteristics, and living situations of children of HIV-infected adults.

Methods: Interviews were conducted in 1996 and early 1997 with a nationally representative probability sample of 2864 adults receiving health care for HIV within the contiguous United States.

Results: Twenty-eight percent of infected adults in care had children. Women were more likely than men to have children (60% vs 18%) and to live with them (76% vs 34%). Twenty-one percent of parents had been hospitalized during the previous 6 months, and 10% had probably been drug dependent in the previous year. Parents continued to have children after being diagnosed with HIV: 12% of all women conceived and bore their youngest child after diagnosis, and another 10% conceived before but gave birth after diagnosis.

Conclusions: Clinical and support services for people affected by the HIV epidemic should have a family focus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Welfare*
  • Child of Impaired Parents*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Family Characteristics*
  • Family Health*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control
  • Health Planning
  • Health Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Residence Characteristics
  • United States / epidemiology