Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 94 (2), 113-27

Annual Plasmodium Falciparum Entomological Inoculation Rates (EIR) Across Africa: Literature Survey, Internet Access and Review

Affiliations
Review

Annual Plasmodium Falciparum Entomological Inoculation Rates (EIR) Across Africa: Literature Survey, Internet Access and Review

S I Hay et al. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg.

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an extensive search of the formal and informal literature on annual Plasmodium falciparum entomological inoculation rates (EIR) across Africa from 1980 onwards. It first describes how the annual EIR data were collated, summarized, geo-referenced and staged for public access on the internet. Problems of data standardization, reporting accuracy and the subsequent publishing of information on the internet follow. The review was conducted primarily to investigate the spatial heterogeneity of malaria exposure in Africa and supports the idea of highly heterogeneous risk at the continental, regional and country levels. The implications for malaria control of the significant spatial (and seasonal) variation in exposure to infected mosquito bites are discussed.

Figures

Figure
Figure
A map showing the geo-referenced locations in Africa for which annual EIR data were published. The top left corner is 40°N, 20°W. Each grid square is 5 × 5 degrees and north is to the top of the page.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 128 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

Feedback