In studies that used mixed volunteer samples, Lerman et al. [1999: Health Psychol 18:14-20] and Sabol et al. [1999: Health Psychol 18:7-13] reported on an association of smoking with a polymorphism of the dopamine transporter gene. We attempted to replicate this association in a nonvolunteer community sample of 861 Caucasians. No associations were found with either smoking initiation or smoking cessation. Sabol et al.  also reported on an association of the dopamine transporter polymorphism with the personality trait of novelty seeking. However, we failed to find any associations with a range of personality traits, including a scale of fun seeking that correlates with novelty seeking. These negative findings suggest that either the original associations are not replicable or that any association is very small.