An examination of organizational and team commitment in a self-directed team environment

J Appl Psychol. 2000 Jun;85(3):439-450. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.85.3.439.


A model hypothesizing differential relationships among predictor variables and individual commitment to the organization and work team was tested. Data from 485 members of sewing teams supported the existence of differential relationships between predictors and organizational and team commitment. In particular, intersender conflict and satisfaction with coworkers were more strongly related to team commitment than to organizational commitment. Resource-related conflict and satisfaction with supervision were more strongly related to organizational commitment than to team commitment. Perceived task interdependence was strongly related to both commitment foci. Contrary to prediction, the relationships between perceived task interdependence and the 2 commitment foci were not significantly different. Relationships with antecedent variables help explain how differential levels of commitment to the 2 foci may be formed. Indirect effects of exogenous variables are reported.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Group Processes*
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Male
  • Models, Organizational
  • Personnel Loyalty*
  • Southeastern United States