Haemoptysis in patients with a normal chest radiograph: bronchoscopy-CT correlation

Australas Radiol. 1999 Nov;43(4):451-5. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1673.1999.00712.x.

Abstract

The exact role of fibre-optic bronchoscopy (FOB) and CT of the chest in the diagnosis of patients presenting with haemoptysis and a normal or non-localizing chest radiograph has not been clearly defined. A study was designed to evaluate 50 patients presenting with haemoptysis and a normal or non-localizing chest radiograph using FOB and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). A definitive diagnosis was established in 17 (34%) patients. The aetiologies included bronchiectasis (24%), bronchial adenoma (6%), tuberculosis (2%) and bronchitis (2%). The diagnosis was made by HRCT in 15 (30%) patients, while FOB was diagnostic in five (10%) patients. The diagnosis was made by HRCT and FOB in all patients with focal airway abnormalities. Therefore, HRCT effectively delineated abnormalities of both the central and peripheral airways. It is concluded that CT should be obtained prior to FOB in all patients presenting with haemoptysis and a normal or non-localizing chest radiograph.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma / diagnosis
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bronchial Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Bronchiectasis / diagnosis
  • Bronchitis / diagnosis
  • Bronchoscopy*
  • Female
  • Hemoptysis / diagnosis*
  • Hemoptysis / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Radiography, Thoracic*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
  • Tuberculosis / diagnosis