Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) of plasma proteins and/or matrix proteins are candidate mediators for various vascular complications such as atherosclerosis. We previously reported a significantly larger accumulation of AGEs of the aorta in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) than in age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). In this study, we examined the effects of AGEs on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from SHRSP and WKY rats. We also studied the in vitro effects of resveratrol (3, 4',5-trihydroxystilbene), a natural phytestrogen, on VSMC proliferation, DNA synthesis, and collagen synthesis activity in SHRSP-VSMC. AGEs accelerated the proliferation of SHRSP- or WKY-VSMC in a time- and dose-dependent manner. VSMC from SHRSP were more sensitive to AGEs than VSMC from normotensive WKY. AGEs also significantly increased DNA synthesis and prolyl hydroxylase activity, a marker for collagen synthesis, in SHRSP-VSMC. AGEs-induced increases in TGF-beta1 mRNA in SHRSP-VSMC were significantly greater than in WKY-VSMC. Resveratrol inhibited AGEs-stimulated proliferation, DNA synthesis, and prolyl hydroxylase activity in SHRSP-VSMC in a dose-dependent manner. ICI 182780, a specific estrogen receptor antagonist, partly blocked the inhibitory effects of resveratrol on AGEs-stimulated proliferation, DNA synthesis, and prolyl hydroxylase activity. Resveratrol significantly inhibited AGEs-induced TGF-beta1 mRNA increases in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, resveratrol may confer protective effects on the cardiovascular system by attenuating vascular remodeling and may be clinically useful as a safer substitute for feminizing estrogens in preventing cardiovascular disease.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.