The analysis of plasma proteins adsorbed onto a polyurethane (PU) biomaterial was performed using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS). This article marks the first study on MALDI-TOFMS analysis of multiple proteins adsorbed from plasma, in vitro, onto the surface of a biomaterial to easily enable their characterization. Plasma standards from three different hosts were placed in contact with non-porous PU, a model biomaterial. Following the use of washing protocols developed in our laboratory, the biomaterial was analyzed, directly, with MALDI-TOFMS. Proteins with molecular weights (Mr) ranging from ca. 6.5 to 150 kDa were observed in the mass spectra and characterized upon comparison with proteins of known Mr. The proteins observed were tentatively identified as those known to adsorb onto PU, both in vitro and in vivo. In an attempt to model in vivo sorption, the PU biomaterial was exposed to freshly collected canine plasma, in vitro, for different lengths of time. Corresponding MALDI-TOFMS spectra displayed increasing protein signal for a number of different proteins with increasing times of exposure to plasma. This method provided qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis of the proteins adsorbed onto the biomaterial surface.