The human RAD18 gene product interacts with HHR6A and HHR6B

Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jul 15;28(14):2847-54. doi: 10.1093/nar/28.14.2847.


During DNA replication, lesion bypass is an important cellular response to unrepaired damage in the genome. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Rad6 and Rad18 are required for both the error-free and error-prone lesion bypass mechanisms. Furthermore, Rad6-Rad18 interaction is thought to be critical at an early step during lesion bypass in yeast. Two closely related human homologs of yeast Rad6 have been identified as HHR6A and HHR6B. Here, we report a full-length cDNA coding for the human homolog of yeast Rad18. The human RAD18 gene codes for a protein of 484 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular weight of 54 804 Da, and the gene is localized to chromosome 3 between reference intervals D3S3591 and D3S1283. Human RAD18 protein (hRAD18) was found to interact with HHR6A and HHR6B. When co-expressed in yeast cells, stable hRAD18-HHR6A and hRAD18-HHR6B protein complexes were identified and purified to near homogeneity. Thus, through interaction and complex formation with HHR6A and HHR6B, RAD18 protein may play an important role in lesion bypass mechanisms in humans. Consistent with its role as a fundamental lesion bypass protein, the RAD18 gene is ubiquitously expressed in various human tissues.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 / genetics
  • DNA, Complementary / chemistry
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • DNA, Recombinant / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Ligases / genetics
  • Ligases / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plasmids
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Protein Binding
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques
  • Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases


  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA, Recombinant
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • RAD18 protein, S cerevisiae
  • RAD18 protein, human
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • RAD6 protein, S cerevisiae
  • UBE2A protein, human
  • UBE2B protein, human
  • Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • Ligases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF169796