Misexpression of genes in brain vesicles by in ovo electroporation

Dev Growth Differ. 2000 Jun;42(3):199-201. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-169x.2000.00501.x.


Transfection to living chick embryos in ovo by electroporation has been recently developed. In this mini-review, misexpression in brain vesicles is introduced. To transfect, expression plasmid is inserted in the brain vesicle, and the square pulse of 25 V, 50 ms was charged five times. The translation product of the transfected gene is detected 2 h after electroporation, and reaches the peak at 24 h after electroporation. Transfection is so effective that this method is contributing greatly to the study of the molecular mechanisms of morphogenesis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Chick Embryo
  • DNA / genetics
  • Electroporation
  • Gene Transfer Techniques*
  • Lac Operon
  • Microinjections
  • Transfection / methods


  • DNA