Oligosaccharyltransferase (OT) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an enzyme complex consisting of 8 transmembrane proteins located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Studies on potential protein-protein interactions in OT using a two-hybrid library screen revealed that protein kinase C (Pkc1p) interacted with the lumenal domains of several OT subunits. Additional genetic experiments revealed that overexpression of two OT subunits rescued the growth defect caused by overexpression of a Pkc1 active site mutant, implying that there are specific genetic interactions between PKC1 and OT. These in vivo findings were complemented by in vitro studies that showed that several of the OT subunits bound to a fusion protein consisting of glutathione S-transferase linked via its C-terminus to Pkc1p. Assays of OT activity, in which glycosylation of a simple acceptor peptide was assayed in microsomes from wild-type and a pkc1 null revealed a 50% reduction in activity in the microsomes from the null strain. In contrast, strains containing null mutations of two other genes known to be downstream of Pkc1p in the PKC1-MAP kinase pathway had a level of OT activity comparable to that of wild-type cells. These in vivo and in vitro experiments suggest that in yeast cells Pkc1p may be involved in regulation of the N-glycosylation of proteins.