Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation, genomic instability, and longevity

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2000 Jun;908:126-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2000.tb06641.x.

Abstract

Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is a DNA strandbreak-driven posttranslational modification of nuclear proteins that is catalyzed by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), with NAD+ serving as substrate. Recently, additional PARP isoforms were described that seem to account for a minor fraction of cellular poly(ADP-ribose) synthesis. We have previously described a correlation between poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation capacity of mononuclear leukocytes of various mammalian species and species-specific life span. Likewise, lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from human centenarians display a higher poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation capacity than do controls. At the functional level, recent data show that PARP-1 is a key regulator of alkylation-induced sister-chromatid exchange, imposing a negative control commensurate with the enzyme activity. PARP-1 activity may therefore be responsible for tuning the rate of genomic instability events that are provoked by the constant attack of endogenous and exogenous genotoxins to a level appropriate for the longevity potential of a given organism or species.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Survival
  • Cellular Senescence / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Poly Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose / metabolism*
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases / metabolism*
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational*

Substances

  • Poly Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases