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, 275 (42), 33084-90

The Chitin Disaccharide, N,N'-diacetylchitobiose, Is Catabolized by Escherichia Coli and Is Transported/Phosphorylated by the Phosphoenolpyruvate:glycose Phosphotransferase System

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The Chitin Disaccharide, N,N'-diacetylchitobiose, Is Catabolized by Escherichia Coli and Is Transported/Phosphorylated by the Phosphoenolpyruvate:glycose Phosphotransferase System

N O Keyhani et al. J Biol Chem.

Abstract

We have previously reported that wild type strains of Escherichia coli grow on the chitin disaccharide N,N'-diacetylchitobiose, (GlcNAc)(2), as the sole source of carbon (Keyhani, N. O., and Roseman, S. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., U. S. A. 94, 14367-14371). A nonhydrolyzable analogue of (GlcNAc)(2,) methyl beta-N, N'-[(3)H]diacetylthiochitobioside ([(3)H]Me-TCB), was used to characterize the disaccharide transport process, which was found to be mediated by the phosphoenolpyruvate:glycose phosphotransferase system (PTS). Here and in the accompanying papers (Keyhani, N. O., Boudker, O., and Roseman, S. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 33091-33101; Keyhani, N. O., Bacia, K., and Roseman, S. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 33102-33109; Keyhani, N. O., Rodgers, M., Demeler, B., Hansen, J., and Roseman, S. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 33110-33115), we report that transport of [(3)H]Me-TCB and (GlcNAc)(2) involves a specific PTS Enzyme II complex, requires Enzyme I and HPr of the PTS, and results in the accumulation of the sugar derivative as a phosphate ester. The phosphoryl group is linked to the C-6 position of the GlcNAc residue at the nonreducing end of the disaccharide. The [(3)H]Me-TCB uptake system was induced only by (GlcNAc)(n), n = 2 or 3. The apparent K(m) of transport was 50-100 micrometer, and effective inhibitors of uptake included (GlcNAc)(n), n = 2 or 3, cellobiose, and other PTS sugars, i.e. glucose and GlcNAc. Presumably the PTS sugars inhibit by competing for PTS components. Kinetic properties of the transport system are described.

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