Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) for loci on chromosome arm 1p is a relatively common event in human meningioma, and this anomaly has been proposed to be associated with the development of grade II or grade III forms (atypical and anaplastic meningiomas). Nevertheless, the limited data available do not allow the establishment of the frequency and the extent of the affected 1p regions. To determine the status of chromosome 1p in meningiomas, we have performed a comprehensive analysis of LOH on 1p in 100 meningiomas using a high density of 1p-marker loci. Allelic loss was found in 35% of tumors, most corresponding to nontypical meningiomas that also displayed losses for loci on chromosome 22. Although some tumors displayed complex rearrangements leading to distinct 1p deletions, the patterns of loss indicated two main target regions: 1p36 and 1p34-p32, which represent the most frequently involved regions, whereas 1p22 and 1p21.1-1p13 regions appeared deleted in some tumors. These results suggest that there may be several putative tumor suppressor genes on 1p, the inactivation of which may be important in the pathogenesis of meningiomas, as well as in other tumor types.