The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical correlates of supratentorial ventricular dilations and of corpus callosal atrophy at the subacute stage after a severe closed-head injury (CHI). Thirty-three CHI patients underwent MRI 2 months or more after injury. Morphometric measures were compared to clinical data (coma score, coma duration and Glasgow Outcome Scale). There were numerous significant correlations between clinical data and mid-third ventricle and frontal horns measurements. Fewer significant correlations were found with the lateral ventricle bodies and the corpus callosal body. There was no significant correlation with the posterior part of the corpus callosum and of the ventricles. Corpus callosum atrophy correlated significantly with anterior and deep ventricular dilatation. In conclusion, the best indicator of clinical status was ventriculomegaly, and particularly third ventricle enlargement, which probably reflects the extent of both anterior and deep white matter lesions.