Hepatocellular carcinoma complicating liver cirrhosis in type IIIa glycogen storage disease

J Clin Gastroenterol. 2000 Jul;31(1):80-2. doi: 10.1097/00004836-200007000-00020.


Type III glycogen storage disease (GSD III) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the accumulation of abnormal glycogen in the liver and, in most patients, in the muscle. Although liver fibrosis is a well-known consequence of GSD III, until now only eight cases of liver cirrhosis and two cases of hepatocellular carcinoma have been described in patients affected by this disease. In this case report, the authors describe the clinical history of a patient affected by GSD III who developed severe liver disease during her adult life, progressing from fibrosis to cirrhosis and finally to hepatocellular carcinoma. Until now, the hepatic involvement in GSD III has been considered by most authors as mild and almost always self-limiting. This report, together with the previously published cases, clearly indicates that severe and progressive liver disease may complicate this metabolic disorder. These observations advise a careful hepatologic follow-up of patients affected by GSD III.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / complications*
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / enzymology
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type III / complications*
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type III / enzymology
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type III / pathology
  • Humans
  • Liver / pathology
  • Liver Cirrhosis / complications
  • Liver Cirrhosis / enzymology
  • Liver Cirrhosis / etiology*
  • Liver Neoplasms / complications*
  • Liver Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle, Skeletal / enzymology