The zygapophyseal joint determines morphology of the enthesophyte

J Rheumatol. 2000 Jul;27(7):1732-9.


Objective: To determine the contribution of zygapophyseal joint ankylosis on the morphology of the spinal enthesophyte.

Methods: Radiographic analysis of lumbar spine in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with different types of enthesophytes. Computerized axial tomographic analysis of the zygapophyseal (ZA) joints of the lumbar spine of AS patients with chunky enthesophytes and bridging syndesmophytes.

Results: Four patients with AS were selected for the simultaneous presence of chunky enthesophytes and bridging syndesmophytes. At the levels with bridging syndesmophytes at least one ZA joint was ankylosed. At the levels with chunky enthesophytes alone the ZA joints were not ankylosed.

Conclusion: The morphology of the enthesophytes is influenced by the presence of ankylosis in the ZA joint.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arthrography / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Spinal Osteophytosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Spinal Osteophytosis / pathology*
  • Spinal Osteophytosis / physiopathology
  • Spine / diagnostic imaging*
  • Spine / pathology*
  • Spine / physiopathology
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / diagnostic imaging*
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / pathology*
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / physiopathology
  • Zygapophyseal Joint / pathology*
  • Zygapophyseal Joint / physiopathology