The study analyzes 126 gypsy patients, aged over 15, registered with tuberculosis over 2 years (1996-1997) in two districts of Bucharest (IV and V). The risk of the disease was twice larger in men than women, the age group most affected was 30-49. For lung tuberculosis, bacteriological confirmation was 85%. 83% of bacteriological confirmed cases were smear positive, suggesting the high contagious risk at the time of the discovery. Only 48% favorable results after chemotherapy are partially explained by the low level of education for health in this population, high rate of associated diseases (66.7%) etc. Being a group with high risk for tuberculosis, the gypsy population needs targeted measures for discovering the disease and prophylaxis.