All biological functions mediated by the c-myc oncoprotein require an intact transactivation domain (TAD). We compared TAD mutants for their ability to promote apoptosis of 32D myeloid cells in response to interleukin-3 (IL-3) deprivation and exposure to chemotherapeutic drugs, and to activate ornithine decarboxylase, an endogenous c-myc target. Different sub-regions of the TAD were required to mediate each function. cDNA microarrays were then used to identify multiple c-myc-regulated transcripts, some of which were also modulated by IL-3 or cytotoxic drugs, as well as by specific sub-regions of the TAD. Several of the c-myc-regulated transcripts had also been previously identified as targets for IFN-gamma. The functional consequences of their deregulation were manifested by a marked sensitivity of c-myc-overexpressing cells to IFN-gamma-mediated apoptosis. Our results establish that several well-characterized functions of c-myc are separable and correlate with the expression of a novel group of target genes, some of which also mediate the apoptotic action of IFN-gamma.