Identification of coagulase-positive staphylococci isolated from bovine milk

Acta Vet Scand. 1999;40(4):315-21.


A total of 414 coagulase-positive staphylococcal strains obtained at the mastitis laboratory, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden, were studied. One hundred and seventy seven strains were used for a frequency study. Ninety-seven per cent were identified as Staphylococcus aureus, 2% as Staphylococcus intermedius and 1% as Staphylococcus hyicus. Two hundred and thirty seven strains with atypical hemolysis reactions on bovine blood agar were randomly selected, with the aim to increase the number of S. intermedius and S. hyicus strains available for testing. Eight different characteristics, including physiological, enzymatical and biochemical properties, were used to identify the coagulase-positive Staphylococcus species. The results of this study suggest that the following tests should be included for correct identification of the 3 different species of coagulase-positive staphylococci: P agar supplemented with acriflavin, beta-galactosidase and hemolytic reaction on chocolate agar. These 3 tests are simple and quick to perform and enable accurate for easy differentiation of the 3 coagulase-positive Staphylococcus species.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acriflavine / chemistry
  • Agar / chemistry
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Coagulase / metabolism*
  • Culture Media / chemistry
  • Female
  • Hemolysis
  • Mastitis, Bovine / microbiology*
  • Milk / microbiology*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / microbiology
  • Staphylococcal Infections / veterinary*
  • Staphylococcus / classification*
  • Staphylococcus / enzymology
  • Staphylococcus / isolation & purification
  • Staphylococcus aureus / classification
  • Staphylococcus aureus / enzymology
  • Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification
  • beta-Galactosidase / chemistry


  • Coagulase
  • Culture Media
  • Acriflavine
  • Agar
  • beta-Galactosidase