Objective: To present a versatile approach to the medial orbit and orbital apex through the caruncle.
Design: Retrospective, noncomparative, case series with description of surgical technique.
Participants: Twenty-five consecutive patients underwent orbital surgery by use of a transcaruncular approach.
Intervention: Inferior and medial wall fracture repair or orbital decompression by means of a transcaruncular or combined transfornix-transcaruncular approach.
Main outcome measures: The surgical indications and complications were recorded for each patient.
Results: Ten patients (10 orbits) underwent combined inferior and medial orbital wall fracture repair through a combined transfornix-transcaruncular approach. In 8 of 10 (80%) orbits, the inferior oblique muscle was disinserted during surgery. Fifteen patients (24 orbits) underwent orbital decompression surgery for dysthyroid orbitopathy. An isolated transcaruncular approach was used in 5 of 24 orbits, and a combined transfornix-transcaruncular approach was used in 19 of 24 orbits. There were no complications related to either approach.
Conclusions: Orbital bone removal and fracture reduction may be safely completed through a combined transfornix-transcaruncular approach. The transcaruncular approach provides excellent and safe exposure of the medial orbital wall, and it avoids scarring associated with the Lynch approach.