Background: Isolated multiple ventricular septal defects (mVSDs) remain a surgical challenge. The dilemma of whether to perform a complete repair ultimately rests with the surgeon, who must decide if all significant septal defects can be located. Avoidance of a pulmonary arterial band (as part of a two-stage repair) will negate the need for future pulmonary arterial reconstruction and will reduce the incidence of late right ventricular diastolic dysfunction.
Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of hospital and echocardiographic data of eight children who underwent a septal obliteration technique (SOT) as part of their correction of mVSDs (with and without coarctation of the aorta).
Results: Eight children with a mean age of 10.5 months (range 1.5 to 36 months), and weight of 6.2 kg (range 2.1 to 13.5 kg), respectively, underwent correction of mVSDs. All had a single, large, perimembranous defect, additional VSDs within the muscular trabecular septum (juxtaposed to the moderator band), and apical mVSDs. All VSDs were repaired via the right atrium, with avoidance of either a right or left ventriculotomy. The posterior and apical defects were excluded from the right ventricular cavity with a pericardial patch (SOT). The follow-up period remains limited to a mean of 20.9 months (8 to 39 months). Two children repaired with SOT had previous pulmonary artery bands (neonatal coarctation repair). All children were successfully discharged home with a mean postoperative Qp:Qs of 1.09:1. One pacemaker was required, but this child has since reverted back to normal sinus rythm.
Conclusions: Our initial experience using the SOT in the treatment of apical VSDs as a component of isolated mVSDs has been rewarding. All children are currently alive, in normal sinus rhythm, and have no residual significant left-to-right shunts.