Staining of internal limiting membrane in macular hole surgery

Arch Ophthalmol. 2000 Aug;118(8):1116-8. doi: 10.1001/archopht.118.8.1116.


Removal of internal limiting membranes (ILMs) is a potentially useful surgical approach to close an idiopathic macular hole. However, the removal of ILMs is difficult to perform because of poor visibility of the ILMs. We have developed a technique for staining the ILM with a solution of indocyanine green to facilitate the removal of ILMs in eyes with an idiopathic macular hole. Thirteen eyes of 13 patients (8 women and 5 men, aged from 54 to 68 years) with idiopathical macular hole stage 3 or stage 4 that underwent removal of ILMs using this technique had an anatomical closure rate of 92% and an improvement of visual acuity of 89% (>/=2 Snellen letter chart lines). The excised specimens were evaluated using transmission electron microscopy. Our results show that this technique is safe and useful in visualizing the ILM, leading to the performance of successful removal of an ILM with least damage to the retina. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000;118:1116-1118

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Basement Membrane / pathology
  • Basement Membrane / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Indocyanine Green*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retinal Perforations / diagnosis
  • Retinal Perforations / surgery*
  • Staining and Labeling / methods
  • Visual Acuity
  • Vitrectomy


  • Indocyanine Green