Hearing loss in children with osteogenesis imperfecta

Eur J Pediatr. 2000 Jul;159(7):515-9. doi: 10.1007/s004310051322.


Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder of connective tissue. Progressive hearing loss is one of the principal symptoms of OI, affecting about 50% of adult patients. Hearing loss may also occur in childhood and results in additional disability in education and psychosocial adaptation and aggravates the physical handicap. This can be avoided by appropriate otological and audiological treatment. In a nationwide search, 254 Finnish patients with OI were identified indicating a prevalence of 4.9/100,000. Of the 60 children, 45 aged between 4 and 16 years accepting to participate the study on hearing, were evaluated by a questionnaire and clinical audiometry. Hearing loss was defined as pure tone average (PTA0.5-2 kHz) more than 20 dB hearing level (HL). A clinical geneticist determined the type of OI among the 45 patients. Two sporadic OI cases with conductive hearing loss were ascertained (4.4%): An 11-year-old girl with type IV OI with a PTA0.5-2 kHz of 35/40 dB HL and a 15-year-old boy with type IV OI with a PTA0.5-2 kHz of 27/18 dB HL. In addition, a 6-year-old girl with familial OI type I had either a congenital sensorineural deafness or early progressive deafness with PTA0.5-2 kHz of 97/103 dB HL, probably of unrelated aetiology.

Conclusion: Hearing loss in children with osteogenesis imperfecta is less frequent than generally suspected. Nevertheless, it is recommended that audiometry is performed in children with osteogenesis imperfecta even without symptoms of hearing loss at the age of 10 years, and repeated every 3 years thereafter.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Audiometry, Pure-Tone
  • Auditory Threshold
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Deafness / diagnosis
  • Deafness / genetics
  • Female
  • Finland
  • Hearing Loss, Conductive / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss, Conductive / genetics
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / classification
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / diagnosis*
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / genetics