Oscillating reed valves--an experimental study

J Acoust Soc Am. 2000 Jul;108(1):400-6. doi: 10.1121/1.429473.


The results of experiments on the threshold behavior and large-amplitude oscillation of "outward-swinging door" vibrating flap valves in an air environment are reported and compared with the predictions of a simple nonlinear theory that parametrizes aerodynamic effects by means of a simple damping coefficient together with a contraction coefficient for the flow. The agreement is acceptably good for the threshold blowing pressure for valve oscillation, the large-signal vibration amplitude, the pressure jump in the transition from threshold to large-signal behavior, and the variation in vibration frequency, all as functions of reservoir volume. The calculated pressure waveform in the reservoir has the observed phase and magnitude but fails to reproduce finer details. It is concluded that the simple theory provides an adequate account of the behavior of such valves. There are just two parameters in the theory, describing jet contraction and aerodynamic damping, respectively. Since these may depend significantly upon the detailed geometry, valves with different shapes may behave in quantitatively different ways.