Congenital disorder of glycosylation Ic is caused by mutations in the hALG6 gene that encodes an alpha-1,3 glucosyltransferase. This enzyme is required for the addition of the first glucose residue to the lipid-linked oligosaccharide precursor for N-linked glycosylation. Here we describe the biochemical and molecular analysis of a patient with three mutations in the hALG6 gene. The maternal allele has an intronic G --> A mutation resulting in skipping of exon3 (IVS3 + 5G > A). This produces a nonfunctional enzyme as shown by its inability to restore normal glycosylation in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain lacking a functional ALG6. The paternal allele has two mutations. One is a deletion of three bases (895-897delATA) leading to an in-frame deletion of isoleucine 299 (delI299) located in a transmembrane domain. The second mutation on the same allele 911T > C causes a F304S change. When expressed in the ALG6 deficient yeast strain, this allele restores glycosylation but the mRNA is unstable or inefficiently transcribed, contributing to the impaired glycosylation in the patient.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.