Selected patients with minor lower limb injuries and low risk for deep vein thrombosis (DVT), who required cast immobilizing and did not receive medical thrombosis prophylaxis, were included in a prospective study. The decision to give not medical thrombosis prophylaxis depended on an concept of individualised prophylaxis for patients at risk for thromboembolism. From March 1994 to March 1996 in 178 outpatients (118 men, 60 women, mean age 25.8 [16-39] years) a clinical examination and a colour-coded duplex sonography were performed after removal of the cast for detection of DVT of the lower limb. A phlebography was performed when thrombosis was suspected. Two patients developed a one bundle thrombosis of the calf. Clinical appearance of lung embolism was not observed. These results suggest, that low risk patients with minor injuries of the lower limb and plaster cast immobilisation do not need a medical thrombosis prophylaxis.