Two cases of recurrent breast cancer are reported in which chemotherapy with mitoxantrone proved remarkably effective. Case 1 was a 61-year-old postmenopausal female. At 32 postoperative months, multiple metastases of lung and bone were found. Following unsuccessful treatment with anthracyclin and an antiestrogenic agent, we used MVP modified therapy (mitoxantrone (MIT) 16 mg and vincristine (VCR) 1.6 mg once per 4 weeks and medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) 1,200 mg/day) and 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'-DFUR) 800 mg/daily. After 12 cycles were performed, the patient showed a partial response (PR) (nearly complete response (CR)) on a chest X-ray and bone scintigram. Case 2 was a 49-year-old premenopausal female. At 42 postoperative months, a local recurrence was found and resection was performed. However, after endocrine therapy with goserelin acetate (ZOL) and chemotherapy with CAF (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin and 5-FU) and UFT, local recurrence and pleural effusion were found 6 months after surgical operation. We then used MVP modified chemotherapy and endocrine therapy with ZOL. The patient showed a PR at 9 cycles after therapy. MVP modified chemotherapy is considered an effective treatment for recurrent breast cancer, especially for adriamycin or epirubicin resistant breast cancer.