Purpose: To describe the clinical course and treatment with immunomodulatory agents in patients with tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome.
Methods: Retrospective analysis of the charts of six patients with tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome.
Results: The mean (+/-SD) age was 24.3 (+/-16.5) years, range 13 to 49 years. Four patients were children, and two were adults. Three were men, and three were women. Five of the six patients had anterior uveitis, and one had panuveitis. All patients had several relapses despite treatment with topical, regional, and oral steroids and methotrexate in one case. The introduction or modification of immunosuppressants (methotrexate, azathioprine, or cyclosporin A) achieved control of the uveitis and prevented relapses over a mean (+/-SD) follow-up period of 19.66 (+/-10.01) months, range 6 to 34 months. No treatment-related side effects were observed.
Conclusions: Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome is a distinct disease entity in which the nephritis typically resolves, but the uveitis often becomes chronic and is treatment resistant. Immunomodulatory agents can achieve control of the inflammation and prevent relapses.