A clinical study of the patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever during the epidemic of 1996 at Lucknow, India

Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1999 Dec;30(4):735-40.


This paper describes the clinical findings in 206 patients with dengue fever (DF) or with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) during the epidemic of 1996 at Lucknow. The age group affected most was 11 to 30 years and 21% of the patients were less than 10 years old. The male:female ratio was 1.9:1. The onset was abrupt in all the patients, severe frontal headache was observed in 97%, myalgia in 90%, skin rash in 40%, vomiting in 29% and arthralgia in knee and hip joints in 9%. Anuria was seen in two patients. Lymphadenopathy was noted in 14%, hepatomegaly in 4%, being associated with mild jaundice in one patient, and splenomegaly in 2% of the patients. Involvement of the heart and lungs was seen in one patient each and no case with encephalitis was recorded. Hemorrhages from various sites were observed in 54% patients and 17 patients had profound shock. The commonest bleeding site was gums. Profound shock was preceded by various warning signs, the commonest being sudden hypotension. Among the patients with profound shock the mortality was 47% while the overall fatality rate was 3.8%. A number of the risk factors existed for a long time in this part of the world, but what precipitated the present epidemic at this time, is not known.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Severe Dengue / complications
  • Severe Dengue / diagnosis
  • Severe Dengue / epidemiology*
  • Severe Dengue / physiopathology
  • Sex Distribution