Documentation of clinical interventions by pharmacy faculty, residents, and students

Ann Pharmacother. 2000 Jul-Aug;34(7-8):843-7. doi: 10.1345/aph.19310.


Objective: To describe the influence of pharmacy faculty, residents, and students at a community hospital by documenting the number and types of interventions attributable to their involvement in patient-care activities.

Methods: Between September 1, 1997, and May 31, 1999, data were collected using a computerized documentation system to characterize the intervention type, significance, and value of services rendered by an education group composed of pharmacy faculty (n = 2), residents (n = 4), and students (n = 22).

Results: The number, nature, and outcome category for all interventions were documented using an existing computerized documentation system. The education group accounted for 13% (n = 2,873) of total clinical activities documented (n = 21,817). The most common activities reported were discharge counseling/education (31%), consultation by physicians and therapeutic recommendations (15%), and route conversion (6%). Interventions documented by the education group were classified as medium or high significance 50% of the time. Sixteen percent ($172,655) of the estimated cost avoidance documented by the pharmacy department was attributed to the education group.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates that educational activities by pharmacy faculty, residents, and students have a positive influence on patient care in a community hospital.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alabama
  • Cost Savings
  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Documentation*
  • Education, Pharmacy*
  • Education, Pharmacy, Graduate
  • Faculty
  • Hospitals, Community
  • Humans
  • Internship, Nonmedical
  • Medical Records
  • Patient Care Team / statistics & numerical data*
  • Students