State of the art: which stent for which lesion in peripheral interventions?

Tex Heart Inst J. 2000;27(2):119-26.

Abstract

Applications of endovascular procedures have been expanded dramatically throughout the human body for both occlusive and aneurysmal disease; arteries at the aortoiliac and femoropopliteal levels are no exception. Currently, interventional procedures are the 1st treatment option for most patients who have peripheral artery disease. Although balloon angioplasty alone offers good immediate and long-term results, the addition of stents has been proposed to improve the procedural success of angioplasty and extend its application to more patients with vascular disease. Stenting, however, is controversial. Its use is considered acceptable in the aortoiliac vessels but is more in dispute for the femoropopliteal vessels. Moreover, the rapid development of endovascular stents for peripheral applications has made stent selection a complicated task for clinical practitioners. Many factors influence the type of stent selected; therefore, knowledge of the stents available--including various designs and individual properties--is mandatory. Appropriate selection depends on adequate preprocedural evaluation of the lesion; the choice of approach; the choice of primary versus selective stent placement; the location and characteristics of the lesion; the availability of stents in the intervention suite; and the experience of the operator Several stents are now available, but they are not equivalent; it is important to select the stent that is best suited to the lesion. On the basis of our experience using different types of stents, as well as our review of the world medical literature, we summarize the properties of various stents and specific indications for their application. This report is intended for use as a practical guide to stent selection.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angioplasty, Balloon
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / therapy*
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases / therapy*
  • Stents*