t(4;11)(q21;p15) translocation involving NUP98 and RAP1GDS1 genes: characterization of a new subset of T acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

Br J Haematol. 2000 Jun;109(4):788-93. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2141.2000.02106.x.


Two cases of T acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) with an identical t(4;11)(q21;p15) translocation were identified within a prospective study on the biological and clinical features of adult ALL patients enrolled into the therapeutic protocol ALL0496 of the GIMEMA Italian Group. In both cases, the molecular characterization showed an involvement of the NUP98 gene on 11p15 which rearranges with the RAP1GDS1 gene on 4q21. The morphological and immunological features of the leukaemic cells, as well as the clinical behaviour and response to induction therapy, were the same in both patients. Based on the available data, the t(4;11)(q21;p15) translocation involving the NUP98-RAP1GDS1 fusion gene emerges as a new highly specific genetic abnormality that characterizes a subset of T-ALL.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Artificial Gene Fusion
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8
  • Female
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors / genetics
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • In Situ Nick-End Labeling
  • Karyotyping
  • Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics*
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins*
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Translocation, Genetic*
  • Trisomy


  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • nuclear pore complex protein 98