Analysis of aqueductal cerebrospinal fluid flow after endoscopic aqueductoplasty by using cine phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging

J Neurosurg. 2000 Aug;93(2):237-44. doi: 10.3171/jns.2000.93.2.0237.


Object: The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate aqueductal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow after endoscopic aqueductoplasty. In all patients, preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed hydrocephalus caused by aqueductal stenosis and lack of aqueductal CSF flow.

Methods: In 14 healthy volunteers and in eight patients with aqueductal stenosis who had undergone endoscopic aqueductoplasty, aqueductal CSF flow was investigated using cine cardiac-gated phase-contrast MR imaging. For qualitative evaluation of CSF flow, the authors used an in-plane phase-contrast sequence in the midsagittal plane. The MR images were displayed in a closed-loop cine format. Quantitative through-plane measurements were performed in the axial plane perpendicular to the aqueduct. Evaluation revealed no significant difference in aqueductal CSF flow between healthy volunteers and patients with regard to temporal parameters, CSF peak and mean velocities, mean flow, and stroke volume. All restored aqueducts have remained patent 7 to 31 months after surgery.

Conclusions: Aqueductal CSF flow after endoscopic aqueductoplasty is similar to aqueductal CSF flow in healthy volunteers. The data indicate that endoscopic aqueductoplasty seems to restore physiological aqueductal CSF flow.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cerebral Aqueduct / pathology
  • Cerebral Aqueduct / surgery*
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid / physiology*
  • Endoscopy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies