Growth hormone abuse

Baillieres Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Mar;14(1):71-7. doi: 10.1053/beem.2000.0054.


Doping with growth hormone (GH) has become an increasing problem in sports during the last 10 years. GH has a reputation of being fairly effective among GH users, although the effectiveness is not undisputed, and the few controlled studies that have been performed with supraphysiological GH doses to athletes have shown no significant positive effects of GH in the aspect of a doping agent. There is no method yet to discover GH doping, but current intensive research in this matter will hopefully produce a method in the years to come. This article describes the GH physiology, the clinical use of GH, the athlete's view, administration regimens and side effects.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Doping in Sports*
  • Exercise
  • Human Growth Hormone* / administration & dosage
  • Human Growth Hormone* / adverse effects
  • Human Growth Hormone* / physiology
  • Humans
  • Substance Abuse Detection


  • Human Growth Hormone