The biomechanics, etiology, and treatment of cycling injuries

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2000 Jul-Aug;90(7):354-76. doi: 10.7547/87507315-90-7-354.


The authors review the biomechanics of cycling and discuss the ideal cyclist's morphology. Examination of the cyclist when resting and when cycling is described. A variety of overuse injuries commonly sustained by cyclists are reviewed, and strategies for altering the cyclist's mechanics to relieve the pain are described. Because the bicycle and the cyclist must be considered as a unit, this article offers instruction for adjusting the bicycle as well as the cyclist.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bicycling / injuries*
  • Bicycling / physiology*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Foot / physiology
  • Humans
  • Leg / physiology*
  • Leg Injuries / diagnosis
  • Leg Injuries / etiology*
  • Leg Injuries / physiopathology
  • Orthotic Devices
  • Physical Examination
  • Podiatry
  • Shoes