CD19 regulates constitutive and antigen receptor-induced signaling thresholds in B lymphocytes through its unique cytoplasmic domain. Herein, we demonstrate a novel molecular mechanism where interactions between CD19 and Lyn amplify basal and antigen receptor-induced Src family kinase activation. Lyn expression was required for CD19 tyrosine phosphorylation in primary B cells. Experiments with purified proteins demonstrated that CD19-Y513 was Lyn's initial phosphorylation and binding site. This led to processive phosphorylation of CD19-Y482, which recruited a second Lyn molecule, allowing for transphosphorylation and amplification of Lyn activation. In vivo, CD19 deficiency impaired, and CD19 overexpression enhanced, Lyn kinase activity. Thus, CD19 functions as a specialized adapter protein for the amplification of Src family kinases that is crucial for intrinsic and antigen receptor-induced signal transduction.