Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin), a recently developed third-generation cisplatin analogue with a 1,2-diaminocyclohexane (DACH) carrier ligand, has displayed preclinical and clinical activity in a wide variety of tumour types. Synergistic with 5-FU in colorectal cancer (CRC), the combination has proven efficacy in 5-FU-resistant advanced disease and in previously untreated CRC, as demonstrated in controlled phase III trials, while evaluation in the adjuvant setting is ongoing. Due to its excellent safety profile, its unique mechanism of action and lack of cross-resistance with other active agents in CRC, oxaliplatin has also been combined with CPT-11 and Raltitrexed with promising results. Trials in pretreated and untreated advanced ovarian cancer (AOC), as a single agent or in combination with cisplatin, cyclophosphamide or paclitaxel, indicate a yet to be defined role in AOC and confirm its lack of cross-resistance with cis/carboplatin. Clinical investigations of single agent and combination therapies in breast, lung, prostate and germ-cell carcinomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and malignant mesothelioma are being pursued. While the role of oxaliplatin in medical oncology is yet to be fully defined, it appears to be an important new anticancer agent.