The changing face of ciguatera

Toxicon. 2001 Jan;39(1):97-106. doi: 10.1016/s0041-0101(00)00161-6.


Ciguatera is a global disease caused by the consumption of certain warm-water fish (ciguateric fish) that have accumulated orally effective levels of sodium channel activator toxins (ciguatoxins) through the marine food chain. Symptoms of ciguatera include a range of gastrointestinal, neurological and cardiovascular disturbances. This review examines progress in our understanding of ciguatera from the work of Banner in the late 1950s to the present. Similarities and differences in ciguatera in the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean and Caribbean Sea are highlighted, and future research directions are suggested.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ciguatoxins / chemistry
  • Ciguatoxins / metabolism*
  • Ciguatoxins / toxicity
  • Foodborne Diseases / epidemiology
  • Humans


  • Ciguatoxins