Integrating mental health services into primary care for HIV-infected pregnant and non-pregnant women: Whole Life--a theoretically derived model for clinical care and outcomes assessment

Gen Hosp Psychiatry. Jul-Aug 2000;22(4):251-60. doi: 10.1016/s0163-8343(00)00090-6.


Poor women of color who are disproportionately both infected and affected by HIV/AIDS also face multiple lifestyle and psychosocial burdens that complicate effective delivery of health care, thereby contributing to their poorer prognosis. Addressing these factors within the context of HIV/AIDS primary care for women is the aim of Whole Life, a program to integrate mental health services into primary care for HIV-infected pregnant and non-pregnant women. Whole Life utilizes a theoretically derived clinical services model that provides data for both clinical care and patient outcomes research within the constraints of a clinical setting. During a woman's first two clinic visits, data are gathered in structured interviews with standardized instruments-adapted for relevance to the population-that meet clinical and service needs, as well as measure components of the Whole Life model. Interviews are conducted by existing front-line staff who have been trained in using these instruments to gather information typically recorded in clinical notes. The implementation of Whole Life to date clearly demonstrates the feasibility of mental health-primary care services integration in a publicly funded HIV primary care clinic serving poor women of color.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans
  • Cost of Illness
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / organization & administration*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • HIV Seropositivity / complications
  • HIV Seropositivity / psychology*
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / complications
  • Mental Disorders / therapy*
  • Mental Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications*
  • Primary Health Care*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States