Localization of dominantly inherited isolated triphalangeal thumb to chromosomal region 7q36

J Orthop Res. 2000 May;18(3):340-4. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100180303.


Triphalangeal thumb is an autosomal dominantly inherited form of abnormal preaxial skeletal development. In most families, however, the triphalangeal thumb phenotype coexists with a spectrum of limb deformities, including polydactyly and syndactyly. We describe two Iowa kindreds with triphalangeal thumb. In one family, with nine affected members, triphalangeal thumb was the only manifestation of limb deformity. We performed linkage analysis on both pedigrees, demonstrating a maximum LOD score of 6.23 with marker D7S559 on chromosome 7q36. This corresponds to a previous study of a candidate region of 450 kb in which data from several families with preaxial polydactyly were employed. Further analysis of the unique family with isolated triphalangeal thumb in the current study may demonstrate allelic variability of the gene involved in these disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7*
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pedigree
  • Polydactyly / genetics
  • Thumb / abnormalities*
  • Transcription Factors*


  • HOXB9 protein, human
  • HOXD13 protein, human
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Transcription Factors