Chlorophyll fluorescence--a practical guide

J Exp Bot. 2000 Apr;51(345):659-68. doi: 10.1093/jxb/51.345.659.


Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis has become one of the most powerful and widely used techniques available to plant physiologists and ecophysiologists. This review aims to provide an introduction for the novice into the methodology and applications of chlorophyll fluorescence. After a brief introduction into the theoretical background of the technique, the methodology and some of the technical pitfalls that can be encountered are explained. A selection of examples is then used to illustrate the types of information that fluorescence can provide.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chlorophyll / chemistry*
  • Electron Transport
  • Fluorescence
  • Photosynthesis
  • Plant Physiological Phenomena*


  • Chlorophyll