The Akt/protein kinase B-dependent anti-apoptotic pathway and the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade are alternatively activated in human glioblastoma multiforme

Cancer Lett. 2000 Sep 29;158(1):103-8. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835(00)00515-2.


We investigated the activation of two important signal transduction pathways in human glioblastoma cells and found a constitutive phosphorylation of either Akt or mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) under serum free conditions. In all but one cell line Wortmannin-sensitive activation of Akt could be attributed to the loss of functional PTEN protein. All cell lines with Akt activation exhibited only weak phosphorylation of the MAPK signal pathway, whereas those without constitutive Akt activation demonstrated high levels of phosphorylated MAPK under serum free conditions. Our data might indicate the presence of two functional subtypes of glioblastoma multiforme, since Akt and MAPK are involved in cellular survival and proliferation signalling, respectively.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis / physiology*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Glioblastoma / enzymology
  • Glioblastoma / genetics
  • Glioblastoma / metabolism*
  • Glioblastoma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Mutagenicity Tests
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins*


  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • AKT1 protein, human
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase
  • PTEN protein, human