Persistent trigeminal artery: a unique anatomic specimen--analysis and therapeutic implications

Neurosurgery. 2000 Aug;47(2):428-33; discussion 433-4. doi: 10.1097/00006123-200008000-00030.


Objective: Persistent primitive carotid-basilar artery anastomoses are uncommon, and are usually seen on an angiogram or discovered at autopsy. The most frequent type of anastomosis is the persistent trigeminal artery.

Methods: A single case of a medial variation of the persistent trigeminal artery, as seen in a well-preserved human adult anatomic specimen injected with red latex, is presented, and the anatomy of this uncommon anastomosis is discussed.

Results: This specimen is unique in its clear preservation of the artery, which arises from the medial portion of the right intracavernous carotid artery and gives rise to two branches, the inferior hypophyseal artery and the dorsal meningeal artery to the clivus.

Conclusion: A new variation of the persistent trigeminal artery is described, which is important to support the possibility that more than one variety of carotid-basilar anastomosis exists in this region.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Basilar Artery / abnormalities
  • Carotid Arteries / abnormalities
  • Cerebral Arteries / abnormalities*
  • Congenital Abnormalities / pathology
  • Dissection
  • Humans
  • Trigeminal Ganglion / blood supply*