Objectives: to describe early and mid-term results with a percutaneous therapeutic protocol including thromboaspiration, thrombolysis, and correction of the underlying lesion by PTA.
Methods: thirty-three consecutive selected patients with recent (<1 month) reversible acute ischaemia associated with popliteal and/or tibial occlusion were studied. The primary endpoints were technical success (defined as residual mural thrombus less than 20% of the lumen and the presence of at least one tibial artery on angiogram), patient survival and limb salvage at 1 and 12 months. Secondary endpoints included complications, primary, assisted primary and secondary patency determined by duplex scan at 1, 6 and 12 months.
Results: technical success was achieved in 27 patients (82%). Twenty patients were treated by thrombo- aspiration+/-thrombolysis only, and seven required additional PTA (26%). In six patients (18%), percutaneous techniques failed, and embolectomy was performed in two, bypass in one and major amputations in three (9%). For the entire series, the survival rate was 100% at 1 month and 94% at 1 year. The limb salvage rate was 91% at 1 month and 1 year. The cumulative primary patency, assisted primary patency and secondary patency rates were 81%, 81% and 86% respectively at 1 month and 66%, 72% and 77%, respectively, at 12 months. Early complications occurred in 10 patients (30%): five groin haematomas (15%), four compartment syndromes (12%) and one haemoglobinuria (3%).
Conclusion: percutaneous techniques offer excellent early and mid-term results in selected patients presenting with acute ischaemia with popliteal and/or tibial arteries occlusion.
Copyright 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.